The Case Against Antipsychotics: A Review of Their Long-term Effects

This publication (2016) from the Mad in America Foundation has been written by Robert Whitaker. The author says it is:

“… designed to present a succinct review of what science has to say about the long-term effects of antipsychotics. Do they reduce psychotic symptoms over the long term? Do they improve functional outcomes? Our hope is that this review can help inform a societal discussion about these drugs and whether their use needs to be rethought.”

He continues:

“… This paper is organized into four parts.

  1. A presentation of the evidence cited by psychiatry, as an institution, for long-term use of antipsychotics.
  2. A critique of that evidence base.
  3. A review of research on the long-term effects of antipsychotics. This research is divided into two time periods: 1945 to the early 1980s, and from the early 1980s to today.
  4. A response to critics of the argument made in this paper …”

“You can read the paper from here. It includes a link to an associated slide presentation and video presentation.

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